It produces a very cool jazz sound by a quite unexpected means. There are four diminished modes in the harmonic minor scale and two diminished modes in the melodic minor scale. So one way to think of this is "On a Maj7 type of chord, play the diminished arpeggio built on the 2, 4, #5 or 7. Again we have an alternative perspective provided by a disjoint cover: the m6 arpeggio plus the same dim7 we used before. It is also important to understand that because C6 and A-7 chords share the same notes, this scale can also be used and analyzed in the relative minor key. This new volume of “ Beboppin' the 6th / Diminished Scale ” is an expansion of a previous post, “ Bach to Baics - Minor b6 Scale Arpeggios ”. However, he explains it in a quite different way, noticing that a cover of the scale is given by the C6 and Bdim7 arpeggios. This is what I call a "disjoint cover" because the two parts share no common notes. It's played over altered dominant chords and has tensions b9, #9 & #11. Different voicings for different chords. Relative Major & (E7b9) (Am7) &? C6 Dm7 Em7 FmMaj7 G7b9 Ab+ AmMaj7 Bm6 C6. I have notated any alternate changes I play over with parenthesis and notated which 6th diminished scales I am using. Another player to consistently use diminished patterns in creative ways was the great Kenny Kirkland. Relative Major & (E7b9) (Am7) &? The diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale. the 6th / Diminished Scale Johann Sebastian Bop (1685 –) For those who are familiar with the so called “ Bebop Scale ” this may not come as a revelation; but then again - it still just might. The minor pentatonic scale uses the same notes as the major pentatonic scale, but begins on the sixth scale degree of the corresponding major scale. 6 A‹7/C E7(b9) A‹7/E E7(b9) A‹7/G E7(b9) A‹7 E7(b9) A‹7/C 7 4 4 & Barry Harris Diminished 6th Scale Arr. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. This new volume of “Beboppin' the 6 th / Diminished Scale” is, at the same time, both a recap and an expansion of a previous Shortbook™ - the first in the series - titled “Minor b6 Scale Arpeggios - 12 Keys”. ∑ & Relative Minor? The name “sixth diminished scale” is weird because music-theory-wise it’s not a jazz diminished scale in the traditional sense. It's really good. In addition, these same principles can also be applied as you add different chromatic notes to other scales of your choosing. The Diminished Scale is: An Octatonic Scale (i.e. In this solo I tried to use the 6th diminished scale as much as possible. Use the Diminished Scale to Play Jazz – Bass Practice Diary – 6th November 2018 This week I’ve been practising using diminished sounds to play on dominant 7th chords in jazz. Here's a great excerpt from a Barry Harris workshop where he introduces an interesting diminished concept, which he (jokingly) calls his "personal scale". This added note creates a unique set of diatonic arpeggios that alternate between the tense sound of the V7b9, (The diminished 7th chords are a common sub for V7) and the resolved sound of I6. The Diminished Scale is: An Octatonic Scale (i.e. If your into jazz this is one you need to learn. You can play the diminished chord in all twelve keys. You can, of course, use this on any Maj7 type of harmony as well as on chords explicitly written with a 6. The Diminished Scale for Guitar. Diagram scales: Major Degrees: 1-2-b3-4-b5-#5-6-7 or I-II-bIII-IV-bV-#V-VI-VII. These ideas are just a few of the countless ways you can practice this scale. You can actually start with a whole-step or a half-step, and the intervals alternate. Relative Major & (E7b9) (Am7) &? It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). SUBSCRIBE to JAZZ GUITAR TODAY YOUTUBE ▶︎, Music Theory Specifically​ for Guitarists. I cover the intervals and chords for each mode, their resolution tendency, and suggestions on how to use the diminished … You can find full guitar fingerings for this scale on page 298 of the current version of Scale and Arpeggio Resources -- if it's not there, search for the interval map "t, s, t, t, s, s, t, s" and you'll find it. In this video, I show you how to construct a very common diminished scale pattern which can be heard throughout many, many jazz records. Another popular way to use diminished chords is leading into a song’s vi chord (the minor chord built upon the 6th scale degree of the key). We are using the half-whole diminished scale, also known as the dominant diminished scale. Another player to consistently use diminished patterns in creative ways was the great Kenny Kirkland. In this nomenclature, minor is employed in the sense of relative key , as the diatonic A minor scale is the relative minor of the diatonic C major scale. The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. Being a pianist, though, Barry shows us a bit more when he moves to thinking of it in terms of chords. For the uninitiated, a basic Bebop Scale is a Major scale with an added passing tone between the 5th and 6th scale degrees (Ab in C Maj.). The above arpeggios from the diagram could be used to create lines over a ii7 – V7 – I    in the key of C major or a ii-7b5 – V7b9 – i    in the key of A minor. Each scale connotes something different. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. If your into jazz this is one you need to learn. Playing the scale in triads is one of my favorite exercises. This use, similar to the I-ii bridge, takes advantage of the diminished chord’s ability to lead the listener’s ears in a certain direction. By creating lines that weave between these two main chords we can capture the tension and release of the V7b9 – I sound. The dominant diminished scale is used to solo over dominant 7th chords, or more specifically 7b9 chords. Barry Harris's Sixth Diminished Scale. The video is a bit piano-focussed so I thought it might help some guitar players to have a summary from our point of view of the main idea. The diminished scale is built with a direct formula of whole and half steps repeated one after the other. The Diminished Scale. The diminished scale consists of alternating half-steps and whole-steps. The Diminished Scale for Guitar. Basically Barry Harris uses the be bop scale as the basis of his theory but he doesn’t consider it the be bop scale, it’s the 6th diminished scale. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. As you experiment with intervals and patterns that you find interesting, your lines will begin to take on a more personal flavor and contribute to your own unique sound. The Diminished scale is an important scale used in Jazz but can also be used in blues. The diminished scale is a symmetrical scale, and so there are not 12 distinct pitch collections, as there are with the major scale. In major scales, a diminished triad occurs only on the seventh scale degree.For instance, in the key of C, this is a B diminished triad (B, D, F). You can build every type of diminished chord from those 6 modes. We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. K. Hewtt notes used & Diminished 6th scale??? In the bebop scale, the G# only functions as a passing tone so the 1, 3, 5, and 6 of C major sound on downbeats in 4/4 time. It looks like this. The diminished scale is a symmetrical scale, and so there are not 12 distinct pitch collections, as there are with the major scale. Master the three variations of the diminished scale (C, C#, D) Explore scale pattern exercises (use Herbie’s lines as a starting point) Apply this scale to V7 sounds in your solos; V. Kenny Kirkland and the diminished sound. He also very quickly moves on to another, related scale obtained by flattening the third of the scale: This time we can think of this as a Melodic Minor with an added #5 or b6, or as a Harmonic Minor with an added natural 6. It looks like this. So this rule suggests that we can use this dim7 superimposition idea over minor chords as well as major! To listen to the solo just check out the video that is included in the lesson. It can also be used for fusion and heavy metal. It produces a very cool jazz sound by a quite unexpected means. In the bebop scale, the G# only functions as a passing tone so the 1, 3, 5, and 6 of C major sound on downbeats in 4/4 time. Here are some of the best applications of the diminished scale: 1. Here are some of the lines that I have written down. The diminished chords can also function as an E7b9 chord giving us the following arpeggios. I cover the intervals and chords for each mode, their resolution tendency, and suggestions on how to use the diminished … There are only 3 diminished pitch collections, and each diminished pitch […] Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. The scale is in fact just a major scale with an added b6 or #5, so it's spelled like this: More exotically, you could think of this as Harmonic Major with an added natural 6. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. The Diminished scale is an important scale used in Jazz but can also be used in blues. & Relative Minor? Since a diminished seventh is enharmonically equivalent to a major sixth, the chord is enharmonically equivalent to (1, ♭ 3, ♭ 5, ♮ 6). The function of the "6th diminished scale" may be different, however. The dominant diminished scale can be applied to the V7 chord in a 2-5-1 chord progression, as well as the VI7b9 chord in any tune you are improvising on, which you will often see in a rhythm changes and jazz blues progression. It’s a scale that combines major and diminished together. CLICK HERE TO SUBSCRIBE to JAZZ GUITAR TODAY YOUTUBE. You may think this is perverse, since the other way is clearly simpler, but in fact that b6 contributes a very strong Harmonic Major sound. The half-whole diminished scale is an 8 note symmetrical scale. Another name for the scale is the major bebop scale. Instead of a scale, it’s a major chord combined with a diminished chord, which makes 8 notes. Below is a list of all twelve diminished triads for each key: C dim = C – Eb – Gb C# dim = C# – E – G Db dim = Db – E – G When you hear a certain scale, you probably associate it with something. There are four diminished modes in the harmonic minor scale and two diminished modes in the melodic minor scale. Master the three variations of the diminished scale (C, C#, D) Explore scale pattern exercises (use Herbie’s lines as a starting point) Apply this scale to V7 sounds in your solos; V. Kenny Kirkland and the diminished sound. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. the intervals repeat in a pattern) Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: C = E♭ = G♭ = A diminished scale; D♭ = E = G = B♭ diminished scale If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. An Improviser's Essential Element. You can find full guitar fingerings for this scale on page 298 of the current version of Scale and Arpeggio Resources -- if it's not there, search for the interval map "t, t, s, t, s, s, t, s" and you'll find it. To begin your study of diminished scale fingerings, here is a two-octave shape from the 6th string that stays in position. the intervals repeat in a pattern) Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: C = E♭ = G♭ = A diminished scale; D♭ = E = G = B♭ diminished scale You can actually start with a whole-step or a half-step, and the intervals alternate. It could remind you of something you’ve heard bef… it has 8 notes) A Symmetrical Scale (i.e. If you want to bring a more jazz sound to your playing, using the diminished scale is a great way to do it. Another way to weave through the scale is by playing 3ths. The 6th diminished scale is a major scale with an added chromatic note between the 5th and 6th scale degrees. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). This use, similar to the I-ii bridge, takes advantage of the diminished chord’s ability to lead the listener’s ears in a certain direction. The dominant diminished scale can be applied to the V7 chord in a 2-5-1 chord progression, as well as the VI7b9 chord in any tune you are improvising on, which you will often see in a rhythm changes and jazz blues progression. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. The dominant diminished scale is used to solo over dominant 7th chords, or more specifically 7b9 chords. Start by composing lines and writing them down. Here is what that looks like in the key of C. You can generate lines over    ii – V – I    progressions in a similar way. K. Hewtt & Diminished 6th scale??? Over a fully diminished 7 th chord with the same root (the most “obvious” use): 2. This means that there is no shifting up or down the neck as you play this scale on the guitar. The diminished scale consists of alternating half-steps and whole-steps. What is a Diminished Scale? I'm unaware of a scale with harmonic applications of the added #5. One important characteristic of jazz is the use of chromatic or altered notes to create tension within the music. There are scales that I’ll never play and scales that I’ll probably never even hear. He doesn’t do chord scale theory, like other jazz teachings I’ve had. As that title suggests, the focus was on the (Melodic) Minor “ Bebop Scale ”, the name coined by jazz education pioneer David Baker in the 1970s, as well as its history as a melodic device introduced by the Bebop … There are only 3 diminished pitch collections, and each diminished pitch […] Example lines over  ii – V – I  progression. Here is what that looks like. This is unique to each person. Over the I chord, the voicings come from the major bebop scale and alternate between the major I6 and vii°7 chords. Hector came to our attention via one of our JGT contributors – thanks John Stowell! In this lesson, I will present my take on the 6th diminished scale, and how it can be used to create that chromatic flare. Scale - Diminished 1,2,b3,4,b5,b6,6,7 FULL-th pattern Root note - D Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E In the case of this scale, not every arpeggio will form a traditional triad, but the concept of stacked thirds still works. Another popular way to use diminished chords is leading into a song’s vi chord (the minor chord built upon the 6th scale degree of the key). It can also be used for fusion and heavy metal. Enjoy Artist of the Week, Frank’s Stash (of Guitars…) Frank Vignola Model Benedetto, Davy Mooney Explores His Thoughts on Augmented Harmony, Understanding Diminished Chords and Diminished Harmony, Last Years Release, But Time to Listen to Basile’s “Silent​ Night”, Copyright © 2020 Jazz Guitar Today All rights reserved. Because of this, it can also be viewed as four notes all stacked in intervals of a minor third and can be represented by the integer notation {0, 3, 6, 9}.. You can build every type of diminished chord from those 6 modes. K. Hewtt notes used & Diminished 6th scale??? Another name for the scale is the major bebop scale. To get the most out of this lesson, it is important that the reader understands basic functional harmony and specifically V – I resolutions. Its one of these scales that just sound like jazz. In major scales, a diminished triad occurs only on the 7th scale degree. Even more so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones. The Diminished Scale. Expert jazz musicians have mastered the ability to introduce these notes and resolve them in creative and expressive ways. Whereas in minor scales, a diminished triad occurs on the 2nd scale degree. Adding a note to the major scale is quite easy, of course, but it will tend to lead you to play in a scalar, stepwise way; this way of thinking encourages you to see the underlying chord as the C6 arpeggio and the tension notes as the Bdim7, which is easy to find in relation to it. As such, a diminished seventh chord comprises a diminished triad plus a diminished seventh. ], Korg Volca FM: Firmware 1.08 and All That, 9-EDO: Three Augmented Triads in Perfect Symmetry, The "Rite of Spring chord" and some variations, The Guaranteed Method For Failing To Learn Modes, Making Exotic Scales with Familiar Arpeggios, Root notes are for wimps: An invitation to hypermodes, Feed Your Ears: Wayne Krantz (and thoughts on trios), Feed Your Ears: Piano Chords for Guitarists, Feed Your Ears: Second Wave American Free Jazz, Parking the Orbiter and Inserting into Randy's Revenge. A different set of voicings, derived from the appropriate bebop scale, is used for each chord. The term “half-whole scale” refers to the fact that the scale is built by alternating half-steps and whole-steps. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). This scale is written from the root note G, and so it is called a G diminished scale. Never even hear out the video that is included in the case of this scale written. Sound like jazz when I improvise with this scale is built by half-steps. Chord, which makes 8 notes ) a symmetrical scale of these scales that just sound like.... I ’ ve heard bef… these scales that just sound like jazz Harris 's ideas to.... Make it easier s not a jazz diminished scale is an important scale used in jazz but also. Of chords of scales, a m7th, and so it is important add... 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