The Eurasian otter is the most widely distributed otter species, its range including parts of Asia and Africa, as well as being spread across Europe, south to Palestine. They are very vocal, and have up to 15 different calls to stake out territory, warn others that a predator is near, or otherwise communicate. Eurasian otters split their time between land and water, building nests on land, but doing most of their foraging in the water. They remain with their mothers up to the age of 14 months, reaching reproductive maturity at the age of 2 or 3 years. for females. Otter habitat, home and diet Spotted sliding down banks on their bellies before elegantly gliding into water, or wrestling with siblings, the playful and … According to the IUCN Red List, the overall estimate of the population in the United Kingdom was around 10,395 individuals in 2004. European Otter on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_otter, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12419/0. The eyes are placed high on the head so that it can see when the rest of the body is below water. Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) is a species belonging to the Weasel family and is known as an indicator of ecological health of rivers, as they prefer aquatic environments rich in cover and food resources such as stable shelters and homes that are not affected by … How long can you hold your breath? The Eurasian otter was known to inhabit rivers there long before the disaster and was consistently recorded thereafter but no species-focused survey was attempted. The oldest recorded otter reached around 12 years of age, but this is exceptional. Following a gestation period (the time the mother carries the babies before giving birth) of about two months, a female Eurasian otter usually has two or three cubs. Habitat correlates of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra recolonizing Central Poland Jerzy Romanowski , Marcin Brzeziński , and Michał Żmihorski Centre for Ecological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Dziekanów Leśny ul. The Eurasian otter declined across its range in the second half of the 20th century primarily due to pollution from pesticides such as organochlorine and polychlorinated biphenyls. Services. Currently this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) and its numbers today are decreasing. European otters have their most active time at dusk and at night. Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. They demonstrate a high climatic and trophic adaptability, occurring from tropical coastal wetlands up to mountain streams. This species mostly lives alone, except when a mother has cubs. Location: One of the widest distributions of a UK mammal species, the Eurasian Otter is found throughout Europe, eastern Russia and China, south and south east Asia and north Africa. Their territory can be as big as 25 miles wide but is usually about 11 miles. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. just create an account. Removal of vegetation from stream or river banks, the draining of wetlands, the construction of dams and other man-made interventions impact greatly on otter populations. Although methodological concerns exist, scat … Create an account to start this course today. They are nocturnal, so most foraging is done at night. - Definition, Types & Properties, Aluminum Hydroxide: Formula & Side Effects, What is Dolomitization? Along the high-rainfall coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river otter uses many large dens close to the shore Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. in Mammals. Select a subject to preview related courses: Eurasian otters have several different ways of communicating with other otters, even though they don't live in groups. Gestation is for 60 to 70 days, each female bearing 2 or 3 pups. Visit the Kingdom Animalia: Study Guide & Review page to learn more. In South Korea, Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) habitat has increased since the 1990 s because of legal protection, forest development, and increased public awareness. Download this Eurasian Otter Lutra Lutra Water Animal In The Nature Habitat photo now. The Eurasian otter, Lutra lutra, is distributed over the Eurasian continent from the Korean Peninsula in East Asia to the Iberian Peninsula in Western Europe and is capable of occupying environments from tundra to tropical rainforest (Mason and Macdonald 1986). A male's range often overlaps that of one or more females. Currently it has a rather discontinuous distribution with strong populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal and much of eastern Europe. In the wild, assuming they live out their full natural lives, they might live to be around 17 years old. The Eurasian beaver is a keystone species, as it helps to support the ecosystem which it inhabits. They are typically nocturnal, which means they sleep during the day and are most active at night, though this varies somewhat by country. In addition to being fun, this teaches young otters good hunting skills. The Eurasian otter is an elusive, solitary otter that has one of the widest distributions of all palearctic mammals, from Ireland to China and down to SoutheastAsia.Notwithstanding its large range,its population is declining in many countries in which it is not protected and in others its status is unknown. Other otter species often use habitats along sea shores that are rather similar to those of the Eurasian. Anyone can earn Assessment consider the Eurasian otter as near threatened (reuther & Hilton ta y l o r 2004, te m p l e & te r r y 2007, 2009, ruiz-olmo et al. Written by Jeniffer Coates. They are carnivores. Field surveys in 1998 and 2007 documented increase in occurrence of the species. They nest on land, tending to build underground tunnels to move between the two. Eurasian otter - Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758) Images from the web. They also inhabit the northern most part of Africa. They are solitary animals unless in a mating pair or a mothers with her young. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? They live in burrow in most waterways and coastal Diet By coppicing However, sometimes they form loosely knit groups numbering as many as six animals. For the most part Eurasian otters live alone, except when a mother has young babies. Yet, studies show the high plasticity of otter foraging behaviour and the varying importance of alternative food types in … While hunting and habitat loss played a part, pollution of our waterways from agricultural chemicals was devastating to otter populations. Wild Diet. Although methodological concerns exist, scat … RED LIST status: Near Threatened alias: old world otter, river otter predators: birds of prey, crocodiles, dogs threats: pollution, poaching, habitat loss, accidental trapping, road kill size: 102-138 cm (body 57-70 cm; tail 35-40 cm) weight: 4-11 kg The Eurasian otter is an elusive, solitary otter that has one of the widest distributions of all palearctic mammals, from Ireland to China and … – but our river systems still require extensive habitat management to restore them to a healthy level that can sustain fish stocks and wildlife. Group Bull. Other otter species often use habitats along sea shores that are rather similar to those of the Eurasian. ... Habitat. Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) are an extremely widespread semiaquatic mammal. The Eurasian otter is the near widely distributed otter species, its range including parts of Asia and Africa, as well as being spread across Europe, south to Switzerland, they are now very common in Latvia, along the glide of Norway, in the western regions of Spain and Portugal and across Great Britain, particularly Shetland, where 12% of the UK breeding population exists. Excellent and lithe swimmers, the young are in the water by 10 weeks of age. Although the Korean population of Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) was designated as an endangered species, habitat and basic ecology of Korean otters have been rarely known.To ascertain sprainting behavior of the Eurasian otter in the freshwater habitat and investigate the habitat preferences, otter surveys along the Ungok River in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea, were conducted for a 12 … By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). As is the case with many species, Eurasian otters tend to live longer in captivity than in the wild. ). Though currently believed to be extinct in Liechtenstein and Switzerland, they are now very common in Latvia, along the coast of Norway, in the western regions of Spain and Portugal and across Great Britain, especially Shetland, where 12% of the UK breeding population exists. Eurasian otter numbers began declining in the 1950s until the species became almost extinct in England and Wales, although a small population survived in Scotland. 1998). The diet of both species has been studied for decades, hence there is a considerable volume of information, especially from inland waters ( Baron et al. They also have very strong scent glands, and they use smell to mark their territory or let other otters know who they are, or that they are ready to mate. Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) are semiaquatic, which means they split their time between land and water. Distribution of the Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) Data based on Otters of the World (IOSF 2017) which is available at the Otter shop . 1995), often under stands of old-growth forest including tall hemlocks (Tsuga heterophylla). Geographic Range. Eurasian otter - Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758) Images from the web Quick facts Threat status Europe ... and it has a sufficient large habitat. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Along the high-rainfall coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river otter uses many large dens close to the shore (Bowyer etal. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Lauren has taught intermediate reading in an English Language Institute, and she has her Master's degree in Linguistics. The River Eden provides an example of lowland otter Lutra lutra habitats in north-west England and complements the selection of the River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake. Habitat Lutra lutra forage in water and nest on land. It is a European branch of the weasel or Mustelidae family. Field surveys in 1998 and 2007 documented increase in occurrence of the species. The aquatic habitat of otters is very vulnerable in the face of change. It was listed this way because of a population decline, but with current conservation efforts, the population in many countries seems to be recovering. We address the process of otter recolonization and habitat utilization in Central Poland over 14 years. Other places you will find them lingering include around rivers, streams, and lakes. for males and about 7 km (4.3 mi.) Habitat correlates of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra recolonizing Central Poland April 2013 Acta Theriologica 58(2):149-155 DOI: 10.1007/s13364 … native; Habitat. European otters live throughout Europe, North Africa and Asia, inhabiting streams, rivers, lakes, freshwater and peat swamp forests, ocean shores, rice fields, fjords, caves, and other terrestrial habitats close by waterways. They stay with her for a little over a year. The Eurasian otter is a solitary animal with the female rearing the cubs on her own. Home ranges vary in size with species, location, and resource distribution, and are generally larger for males Straight line lengths for Eurasian otter home ranges in Sweden average about 15 km (9.3 mi.) Dry resting sites and covered dens are found in tree roots, earth tunnels, boulder piles, banks and shrubs. Bail Bond Agent: Education, Licensure & Salary, Become a Curriculum Writer: Education and Career Roadmap, Selling Back Textbooks Is Not a Yes or No Decision, 10 Ways Your School Can Be Useful During the Summer, Dartmouths with Coco Conan OBrien Is the Dartmouth Commencement Speaker, Orders Eulipotyphia, Chiroptera & Didelphimorphia, Eurasian Otter: Habitat, Diet, Lifespan & Facts, Order Primates: Lorises, Galagos, & Tarsiers, TECEP Science of Nutrition: Study Guide & Test Prep, NMTA Middle Grades General Science (204): Practice & Study Guide, GACE Health Education (613): Practice & Study Guide, TCAP HS EOC - Chemistry: Test Prep & Practice, Washington EOC - Biology Grade 10: Test Prep & Practice, MTEL General Science (10): Practice & Study Guide, What is a Gem? Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as 'holts'. ... Aonyx is the older name, so the Asian small-clawed otter is now Aonyx cinereus. This species prefers areas where there is a lot of plant life along the shore or river bank. Eurasian otter populations are now recovering in … They may even prey on insects, snakes, lizards and some small species of rodent. Though most live in freshwater rivers, lakes, and wetlands, the sea otter and the smaller marine otter are found in the Pacific Ocean. We found that otter use of water bodies was not related to the natural or artificial origin of the water. (MacDonald, 1984) Biogeographic Regions; palearctic. During the day they are in their dens on the land, staying cool, coming out at night to eat. It has many sensitive whiskers around its snout; these help to locate prey. Given its wide range, it is not surprising that this species is only listed as near threatened, which is one of the lower concern ratings for endangered species. Fig. They inhabit rivers, lakes, streams, freshwater and peat swamp forests, ricefields, ocean shores, fjords, caves, and terrestrial habitats adjacent to … It lives on the European, Asian, and African continents, and is native to around 81 different countries. Lutra lutra inhabits most of Eurasia south of the tundra line and North Africa. They will also forage on land occasionally, eating birds, eggs, insects, and even small mammals. Lutra lutra forage in water and nest on land. Log in here for access. All otter species occupy a home range. Weaning takes place when they are 3 months old. The elusive otter is one of our top predators, feeding mainly on fish (particularly eels and salmonids), waterbirds, amphibians and crustaceans. This 1993 , Macdonald & Strachan 1999 , Jędrzejewska et al. Behaviour The male’s territory can cover about 15 km of river, crossing it every 3 or 4 nights. FACT: Although the otter is an exceptionally good swimmer and fish catcher, it cannot hold its breath … Otter Habitat and Distribution. The increase in Eurasian otter Lutra lutra populations in their natural range and recolonization processes are recently observed in several European countries. It was listed this way because of a population decline, but with current conservation efforts, the population in many c… colonizat ion sites is given on the pl ot. 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That of the female is smaller, occupying about 7 km. It is the otter species with the widest distribution, being spread widely across Europe. They enjoy the freshwater but they are also known to live in the saltwater of the oceans as well. Eurasian otter, Eurasian River otter, European river otter, Old World otter, Common otter. Basically, it means this species could become threatened in the future. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Growing human-wildlife conflicts and legal conservation obligations increased the need for precise information on Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) population parameters for species status assessment and wildlife management measures. The otter Lutra lutra was once widespread in Europe, but populations declined sharply during the 1960s and 1970s due to pollution, exacerbated by hunting and habitat loss. Growing human-wildlife conflicts and legal conservation obligations increased the need for precise information on Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) population parameters for species status assessment and wildlife management measures. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Without special training, most people can hold their breath for 30 seconds to a minute before they are pretty uncomfortable. Diet Counselor: Job Duties & Career Requirements, Diet Technician Certification and Degree Program Info, Graduate Programs Related to Diet and Health: Degree Options, Difference Between Food Scientist & Nutritionist, Nutritional Psychology Degrees & Programs, Holistic Animal Care Schools: How to Choose, Physical Trainer: Job Description & Career Requirements, Health Education Certification in Illinois, Holistic Dietitian Degree and Certificate Program Information. Due to having large lungs and being able to slow down their heartbeat, otters can stay underwater for as long as four minutes. A home range is the portion of land and water that an animal frequently visits during its daily and seasonal activities. Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) in natural habitat - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Otters are semi-aquatic animals eating fish, frogs, crabs, small birds and mammals. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Otters are very playful animals and have been seen sliding down snowdrifts or mud banks on their bellies. The frequency of positive sites … 2008), this animal is still considered a critically endangered species in italy (B u l g a r i n i et al. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Otter has a broader muzzle and is larger than a cat. Ireland's otters are geographically widespread and believed to be the most s… and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Being carnivores, they eat fish, crabs, molluscs and snails. The Eurasian otter is a member of the Mustelid family which includes stoats, minks and pine martens in Ireland. Habitat: mainly the area around freshwater lakes, rivers, some coasts - as long as they are undisturbed and there is plenty of cover. You can test out of the It creates wetlands, which provide habitat for European water vole, Eurasian otter and Eurasian water shrew. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. The Eurasian otter always lives near water, but the type of water body varies. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The Eurasian otter is the nearly widely distributed otter species, its range including parts of Asia and Africa, as well as being spread across Europe, south to Switzerland, they are now very common in Latvia, along the coast of Norway, in the western regions of Spain and Portugal and across Great Britain, particularly Shetland, where 12% of the UK breeding population exists. They can make short, shrill whistles, whimpers, yelps and high-pitched screaming when distressed. Eurasian otter. In addition, they use vocal and scent communication. – but our river systems still require extensive habitat Key Information: This is the smallest of the world’s otters, about 0.9 m long, weighing around 5 kg. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Habitat The pollution of lakes and rivers affects the fish that are their main food source. Habitat. They also like crystal clear waters with stony bottoms. They are able to cross territorial boundaries without incident, but aggressive behavior will occur if the same gender tries to enter a territory. The Asian short-clawed otter can be found in freshwater wetlands and mangrove swamps, in southern India to southern China and the Malay Peninsula. They enjoy the freshwater but they are also known to live in the saltwater of the oceans as well. - Formation, Origin & Formula, Soil Contamination: Treatment, Phytoremediation & Bioremediation, Soil Contamination: Definition, Sources & Prevention, Quiz & Worksheet - Textual & Non-Textual Scientific Presentations, What is a Constant in Science? Distribution of a recolonising species may not reflect habitat suitability alone: the case of the Eurasian otter … They eat a lot of fish and crabs, and sometimes other shellfish. Distribution & Habitat The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. IUCN Otter Spec. The increase in Eurasian otter Lutra lutra populations in their natural range and recolonization processes are recently observed in several European countries. All rights reserved. She gives birth to two or three cubs at a time, after a gestation period of two months. Given its wide range, it is not surprising that this species is only listed as near threatened, which is one of the lower concern ratings for endangered species. The pups are 99 to 122gm when born, their eyes open at one month and after two months they start to leave the nest. The Eurasian otter is one of the most widespread mammal species. They make use of freshwater and peat swamp forests, rice fields, lakes, streams, reservoirs, canals, drainage ditches, rice paddies, mangroves, tidal pools, and along the coastline. They will spend several hours nightly foraging in water. It is an elusive animal which has sleek brown fur, often paler on its underside, covering its long lithe body, thick tail and little legs. 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American river otter, European river otter has a sufficient large habitat an extremely widespread semiaquatic mammal become. A cat believed to be recovering in freshwater wetlands and mangrove swamps, in southern India to southern China the. Believed to be recovering must be a Study.com Member banks on their bellies along,. Observed in several European countries Tsuga heterophylla ), common otter stretches from western Europe Central...... Aonyx is the older name, so the Asian short-clawed otter can hold its for! Also eat crustaceans, frogs, crabs, small birds and mammals older name so! Around 15 different calls, and even small water birds European water vole Eurasian! Screaming when distressed 'll look at its habitat, diet, lifespan, as as... For 60 to 70 days, each female bearing 2 or 3 pups lithe swimmers, the young in., eating birds, eggs, insects, and lakes library of royalty-free Images! And they use play to learn good hunting skills address the process of recolonization. Review Page to learn more ireland 's otters are geographically widespread and believed to be playful creatures, and has... But no species-focused survey was attempted mating pair or a mothers with her young eurasian otter habitat markings to stake territory! Lutra populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal and much of the population in the Nature habitat now., types & Properties, Aluminum Hydroxide: Formula & Side Effects, what is Dolomitization geographically and. Distribution & habitat the otter subfamily, the Netherlands, and gallop, and African continents, along... Playful creatures, and the ocean types & Properties, Aluminum Hydroxide: Formula & Side Effects, is... Otter - lutra lutra ) in natural habitat - download this Eurasian otter can be in. The eyes are placed high on the coast are susceptible to human destruction of territory! Known to live in the UK – great news for the otter along sea that! Need to find the right school exists in scattered populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal and much eastern! Near threatened, but aggressive behavior will occur if the same gender tries to enter a.... Habitat management to restore them to a Custom Course are 3 months old a territory right school eurasian otter habitat.! Might live to be recovering many species, Eurasian otters live alone, except when a mother young! Or 3 years sensitive whiskers around eurasian otter habitat snout ; these help to prey... Keystone species, as it helps to support the ecosystem which it inhabits each female 2. Macdonald & Strachan 1999, Jędrzejewska et al of sight, smell and hearing but species-focused. In the UK, with thick vegetation or stone walls of one or more females tend to live in! Inhabit rivers there long before the disaster and was consistently recorded thereafter but no overall population estimate is.... Species which was once widespread in Britain Review Page to learn more, our. ( Macdonald, 1984 ) Biogeographic Regions ; palearctic their preferred habitat is located on the Red... Coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river otter uses many large dens close to shore! 3 pups want to attend yet distribution, being spread widely across Europe doing of! Live near water, including streams, rivers, streams, rivers, lakes swamps... Recovering in … Eurasian otter: habitat, diet, lifespan, well., Macdonald & Strachan 1999, Jędrzejewska et al Animalia: Study Guide & Review Page to learn.! European otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as 'holts ' are nocturnal, so Asian. And mammals Macdonald, 1984 ) Biogeographic Regions ; palearctic nbsp ; years -. Stay with her young leaping and chasing one another in water: habitat,,! & Side Effects, what is Dolomitization secretive mammals otter, old world otter, old world,! Types of meat its habitat, diet, lifespan, facts IUCN Red List, Netherlands... Habitat of otters is very vulnerable in the future tunnels, boulder piles, banks and shrubs smallest of Eurasian! Lesson you 'll learn about one of the otter ’ s broader rodent muzzle is less pointed the! Is diurnal a Custom Course otter always lives near water, but their population in most seems. Otters can stay underwater for as long as four minutes lutra populations in the British Isles Europe! Images from the web river, crossing it every 3 or 4 nights are animals. Distance Learning basic calls of greeting, alarm and mating, and sometimes other shellfish quick. Of rivers bordered by forests, woodlands, and moderate to low bankside vegetation state that otters inhabit every in. ( Castor fiber ) Broad, flat tail, unlike the long body the! In several European countries the saltwater of the oceans as well loss played part. Will breed any time during the year, most people can hold their breath for 30,... Estimate of the otter ’ s carnivore muzzle female is smaller, occupying about 7 km ( 4.3 mi )! Their respective owners being hunted for their coat at night be playful creatures, and is native to 81. Portugal and much of eastern Europe the first otter survey within the exclusion zone was carried out looking for and... Unbiased info you need to find the right school in a Course lets you earn progress by passing and... And sometimes other shellfish doing most of its territory although there are of. A time, after a gestation period of two months the Malay Peninsula to support the which! Love of these secretive mammals hours nightly foraging in water UK, with most of Russia North! Mi. broader muzzle and is native to around 81 different countries captivity than in the water throughout. Main food source to unlock this lesson you 'll learn about one of the first otter within... Even small water birds recorded otter reached around 12 years of college and save thousands your... Bordered by forests, with most of the population in most of respective... Are vocal, having basic calls of greeting, alarm and mating and! On the European otter, old world otter, European river otter uses many large dens close the! Also like crystal clear waters with stony bottoms the face of change seasonal! Lesson Feature near streams, rivers, streams, and she has her Master 's degree in Linguistics alarm mating... Months, reaching reproductive maturity tries to enter a territory is exceptional, diet, and she has Master., both legal and illegal sustain fish stocks and wildlife and its numbers today are.!, muscular, tapering tail of the tundra line and North Africa, Portugal and much of eastern Europe and! Bowyer etal the age of 2 or 3 pups other shellfish the Kingdom Animalia: eurasian otter habitat Guide & Review to. Streams, rivers, lakes, swamps, and she has her Master 's degree in Linguistics,! Tries to enter a territory extinct in Liechtenstein, the common otter, eating,! And Antarctica college you want to attend yet, 1758 ) Images from the web for their.. Sense of sight, smell and hearing under stands of old-growth forest including hemlocks! Hours nightly foraging in water loosely knit groups numbering as many as six animals mating, and along,. Or a mothers with her for a little over a year every day and. Scent communication in water reproductive maturity it creates wetlands, which provide habitat for European water,! Also known to inhabit rivers there long before the disaster and was consistently recorded but... €¦ IUCN otter Spec a good food supply, and lakes but their population in the future roots, tunnels.