(ii) The conditions of workers could not improve unless this profit was shared by them. myCBSEguide has just released Chapter Wise Question Answers for class 8 Social Science. (iii) Over the next few days thousands of workers in St. Petersburg went on strike demanding a reduction in the working day to eight hours, an increase in wages and improvement in working conditions. Land and other means of production were declared the property of the entire nation. There were over 7 million casualties by 1917. But as they were not a united group, they were not considered to be part of a socialist movement started by Lenin . Find the value of the polynomial 5x – 4x2 + 3 at x = 2 and x = –1. How did peasants react to this policy? Question 15. Answer: It was a war started by Germany during the Second World War, which resulted in the mass murder of selected groups of innocent civilians of Europe. They demanded a reduction of working hours and the right to vote. Answer: He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. They favoured the idea of private property and its concentration in the hands of a few. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. The First World War had severe impact on Russian industries. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. Question 10. ways: Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. Why were socialists active in the countryside in Russia through the late nineteenth century? Those who resisted collectivisation, were severely punished. Question 20. The Tsar began to lose popular support because he didn’t sense the gravity of the situation. (iii) Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. However, because of government policy, it had to operate as an illegal organisation. Or In Such a society workers were exploited. He is considered the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the nineteenth century. (i) Russia’s own industries were few in number and the country was cut off from other suppliers of industrial goods by German control of the Baltic Sea. Answer: Question 19. Question 32. How were the critics of planned economy and collectivisation treated by Stalin’s and his sympathizers? What was the secret police in Russia called? Description. (ii) Liberals in Russia were very active. The uprising began on 24 October. This party struggled for peasant’s rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions. Capitalists owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers. So he encouraged workers to come together to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. By 1905, socialists and trade unionists formed a Labour Party in Britain and a Socialist Party in France. How far was it successful? Answer: Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. Answer: (ii) When four members of the Assembly of Russian workers, which had been formed in 1904, were dismissed at the Putilov Iron works, there was a call for industrial action. Answer: Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 has the highest weightage and is the most important chapter. This Note contains important dates and events of all chapters of class 9 history for exam point of view. Why were some people in the Bolshevik Party initially surprised by it? The food supply situation turned even worse in subsequent years because production did not increase immediately. It also develops skills for miscellaneous questions which are generally neglected by students. The government fixed all prices to promote industrial growth during the first two ‘Plans’. Who were liberals? (iv) Although the international reputation of the USSR as a socialist country declined by the end of the . By night, the city was under the committee’s control and the ministers had surrendered. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body called the Second International. Workers were a divided group. What were the three things that Lenin wanted to do after he returned to Russia in April 1917 from his exile? Question 1. (iv) During 1918 and 1919, Socialist revolutionaries (the queens) and Pro-Tsarists (the whites) controlled most of the Russian Empire. What did frustrated workers do on 23 February 1917? Question 18. How was society organised in Europe before the eighteenth century? (ii) Stalin continued the policy of nationalisation initiated by Lenin. Download NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST: Here we are providing NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST with Solutions Answers Chapter Wise Pdf free download of History, Geography, Civics, Economics. Here we present The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Important Questions and Answers Pdf Social Science History Chapter 1, We have collected all the important questions which came in the previous year exams. Question 3. Question 1. Accusations were made throughout the country, and by 1939, over 2 millions were sent to prison or labour camps. Question 25. But liberals were in favour of these privileges. Answer: Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science History for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. They felt men of property mainly should have the vote. The membership of workers’ associations rose dramatically. How were conservatives opposed to radicals and liberals? Question 27. There was heavy fighting especially in Moscow. What was the basic idea behind building cooperatives? Extra Questions Worksheet for CBSE Class 9 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 2 nd Chapter History. Our History experts give you accurate answers to questions for all these … A Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviet to organise the seizure. The mechanised equipment itself would enable the extraction of greater surpluses than the peasant strip farm. Answer: Or Answer: They were not against the existence of private property, but dislike concentration of property in the hands of a few. There was acute employment problem among the workers. The date of event was kept a secret. Socialism encourages cooperatives which are associations of people who produces goods together and divide the profit according to the work done by members. Scroll down for Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution from NCERT Book Class 9 History Book & important study material. According to some Russian socialists, the Russian peasants were natural socialist because they divided their land periodically. So, when he came to power, he declared that the war be brought to a close. Making a Socialist Society. We have Provided Rulers and Buildings Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. How was the year 1904 bad one for the Russian workers? Answer: Many people in the Bolshevik Party were initially surprised by the April theses. Answer: On 16 October 1917, Lenin persuaded the Petrograd Soviet and the Bolshevik Party to agree to a socialist seizure of power. Answer: Other vessels sailed down the river Neva and took over various military points. He wanted workers to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. (ii) Economic conditions: Before 1905, the vast majority of Russia’s people were agriculturists. (iv) The incident of Bloody Sunday made the situation worst. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body which came to be known as the Second International. What was suffragette movement? So, they (socialist revolutionaries) kept themselves active to protect the peasants’ interests. Socialists took over the government in Russia through the October Revolution in 1917. The values associated with this are: On an outline map of the world, locate and label the following: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Able-bodied men were called up to the war. Soldiers, mostly peasants, wished to go home for redistribution and deserted the army. Answer: Describe how Petrograd led the February Revolution of 1917 that brought down the monarchy in Russia. The regiments supported the workers. Why did socialists believe that private property was the root of all social ills of the time? Answer: A communist society was the natural society of the future. Peasants worked on the land, and the kolkhoz profit was shared. They argued for a representative, elected parliamentary government, a subject to laws interpreted by a well-trained judiciary that was independent of rulers and officials. About 85% of the Russian population earned their living from agriculture. The Russian peasants formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900, This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. The Bolsheviks kept industries and banks nationalised during the civil … Question 5. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? Ans: There are a total of 15 chapters in CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus. Or Thus, Lenin played an important role in the Russian Revolution. However the government suppressed their agitation by imposing curfew. Answer: (i) The impact of the Russian revolution was felt globally. Question and Answer forum for K12 Students. He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. Question 1. The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in a way in which society was structured. Their demands included a reduction in the working day to eight hours, an increase in wages and improvement in their working conditions. Answer: Question 8. (iii) He was convinced that workers would triumph in their conflict with capitalists. Question 2. They also did not want the vote for women. They saw private property as the root of all social evils of the time. The Russia Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in 1898 by socialists who were inspired by Marx’s ideas. Class 9 Social Science Chapter - Wise Marks Weightage. On 25 February, the government suspended the Duma. Answer: Answer: Or He introduced a process of centralised planning. Answer: The aristocracy and the church controlled the economic and social powers in France before the 18th century. They could go on a strike when they disagreed with employers about dismissals or work conditions. Collectivisation was a policy of forced consolidation of individual peasant, households into collective farms called ‘Kolkhozes’. How did Karl Marx want to empower the workers? Answer: Who was Lenin? And Long Type Questions. Industrial equipment disintegrated more rapidly in Russia than elsewhere in Europe. Prices of essential commodities rose so quickly that real wages declined by 20 per cent. Or A backward country had become a great power. Strikes took place all over the country. Answer: Answer: Lenin was very apprehensive of Kerenskii’s Provisional Government. Question 2. Which incident came to be known as ‘Bloody Sunday’? What was Duma? On 22 February, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank of the river Neya.On 23 February, workers in fifty factories called a strike in sympathy. By the 1950s it was acknowledged within the country that the style of government in the USSR was not in keeping with the ideals of the Russian Revolution. They saw it as the root of all social ills of the time. What were the ideas that liberals cherished? These peasants were severely punished. Question 1. Russia was losing the war at all fronts. How were peasants treated who resisted his programme? Answer: Industrialisation changed the lives of people in Europe in the following ways: Question 20. Answer: As a result, many industries and banks were nationalised. Question 4. The winter was very cold. What were Lenin’s April Theses? After centralised planning was introduced in Russia, industrial production increased and new factories came into being. The streets crowded with people raising slogans about bread, wages, better hours and democracy. Using this solution students will know all the possible questions which can come in the exam. Stalin believed that he would increase the efficiency of farming by developing modern farms. One of the groups which liked to change the society, was the _____ . What was the status of political parties in Russia before 1914? Russia’s industries were badly affected by the war. The Allies For examples, France, Britain and Russia. Question 6. In Russia, the First World War (1914 – 1918) was initially popular and people showed faith in Tsar Nicholas II by rallying around him. As a result, trenches proved less effective. But in each country the ideas of socialism were rethought in a number of ways. What was the Bolshevik Party known as in the later years? Although Stalin’s government allowed some independent cultivation, it treated such cultivation unsympathetically. The radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. Very Short Answer Type Questions. On 23 February 1917, frustrated workers called a strike to draw the attention of the government. On the 27th, the Police Headquarters were ransacked. Unlike liberals, they opposed the privileges of great landowners and wealthy factory owners. (ii) They ordered land redistribution. Who was Karl Marx? Lenin felt that peasants were not one united group. He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. What conditions led to the civil war in Russia in 1918-1920? The Central powers For examples, Germany, Austria and Turkey and. Most were innocent of the crimes, but no one spoke for them. Many people criticised the confusion in industrial production under the Planned Economy and the consequences of collectivisation Stalin and his sympathisers charged these critics with conspiracy against socialisation. 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