Encouraged by it, Communist parties began to be formed in many countries like the Communist Party of Great Britain. Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. By January 1920, the Bolsheviks succeeded in controlling most of the former Russian empire. Many peasants protested such attempts and destroyed livestock to show their anger. Workers had no facility of housing and sanitation. The year 1904 worsened their situation because there was dramatic rise in prices of essential goods and the real wages declined by 20 per cent. Workers are given much importance and there is every scope for their betterment. (i) Social conditions: There was no equality among the working class. The Allies For examples, France, Britain and Russia. Answer: So, they demanded that governments encourage cooperatives. He wanted workers to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. How far was it successful? So, banks and industries were nationalised, so that they might not remain individual’s property. However, Prime Minister Kerenskii had already left the city to arrange for the troops. Question 2. How you say that liberals were not democrats? Question 4. In April 1917, he returned to Russia from his exile and took over power. Or How was the year 1904 bad one for the Russian workers? Answer: Question 7. But there was unity among them. This caused acute food crisis in the country. Many non-Russians from outside the USSR participated in the conference of the peoples of the East (1920) and the Bolshevik founded Comintern which was an international union of pro-Bolshevik socialist parties. The food supply situation turned even worse in subsequent years because production did not increase immediately. He argued that industrial society was capitalist. A backward country had become a great power. Why did Stalin introduce collectivisation and what were the consequences of his policies? At a meeting of the all Russian Congress of Soviets in Petrograd, the majority approved the Bolshevik action. Demonstrating workers crossed from the factory quarters to the centre of the capital—the Nevskii Prospekt. It was carried out by the Soviet Government in the late 1920s – early 1930s. (ii) The conditions of workers could not improve unless this profit was shared by them. He feared that the Provisional Government would set up a dictatorship in Russia. Question 2. The government fixed prices at which grain must be sold but these farmers refused to sell their grain to government buyers at these prices and thus hoarded grain. The group of people who wanted to change the society thoroughly were called radicals. Answer: As a result, the USSR lost its international reputation as a socialist country by the end of the twentieth century. (i) Some believed in the idea of cooperatives. In Germany, these associations worked closely with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and helped it win parliamentary seats. So, they (socialist revolutionaries) kept themselves active to protect the peasants’ interests. Divisions among workers showed themselves in dress and manners too. After centralised planning was introduced in Russia, industrial production increased and new factories came into being. Answer: Cooperatives were the associations of people who produced goods together and divided the profits according to the work done by members. They also supported women’s suffragette movements. Robert Owen, a leading English manufacturer, sought to build a cooperative community called New Harmony in Indiana (USA). Answer: There was heavy fighting especially in Moscow. 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Turkey (Ottoman Empire), Allied Powers → D. France, E. England, F. Russia, G. Ameriea (USA). Some people wanted change but they wished for a gradual shift while some wanted to restructure society radically. Question 1. Answer: Question 30. In France, Louis Blanc wanted the government to encourage cooperatives and replace capitalist enterprises. Some were poor while others were rich. The date of event was kept a secret. They resisted the authorities and destroyed their livestock. Social Democrats disagreed with Socialist Revolutionaries about peasants. There was acute employment problem among the workers. They argued for a representative, elected parliamentary government, a subject to laws interpreted by a well-trained judiciary that was independent of rulers and officials. What was the biggest drawback of the liberals? The Russia Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in 1898 by socialists who were inspired by Marx’s ideas. Armies moved a good deal and fought battles leaving large casualties. He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. Question 1. Pro-government troops were sent to take over telephone and telegraph offices and protect the Winter Palace. How did socialists’ visions of the future differ from one another? Question 2. Answer: What were the three things that Lenin wanted to do after he returned to Russia in April 1917 from his exile? How did Karl Marx want to empower the workers? (i) One of the groups that looked to change society in the nineteenth century were the liberals. Answer: Question 31. Question 5. Russia’s armies lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. Prices of essential commodities rose so quickly that real wages declined by 20 per cent. Answer: (ii) His April Theses consisted of three demands i.e. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. They did not believe in Universal Adult Franchise. Lenin was the leader of the radical socialist Bolshevik movement that toppled the Tsarist regime in 1917 and head of the first government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). (i) The year 1904 was a particularly bad one for Russian workers. The winter was very cold. He changed the voting laws and packed the third Duma with conservative politicians, liberals and revolutionaries were kept out. the war be brought to a close, land be transferred to the peasants and banks be nationalised. You can also find Social Science Class 10 Important Questions With Answers Pdf from the year 2010 to 2020 CBSE board exams. How did the outlook of conservatives change after the French Revolution? (iii) Large suppliers of grain were sent to feed the army. Many were deported and exiled. But Stalin’s collectiviasation programme did not bring the desired results. Dec 18, 2020 - Important Questions : Nazism and the Rise of Hitler, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. In the city of Magnitogorsk, the construction of a steel plant was achieved in three years. Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. Question 8. Although Stalin’s government allowed some independent cultivation, it treated such cultivation unsympathetically. The Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviet under Leon Trotskii to organise the seizure. Lenin led the Bolshevik group which believed that the party should be disciplined and should control the number and quality of its members. Answer: Students can get Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions, CBSE Class 9 Social Science Important Extra Questions and Answers designed by … Explain. After notes we have also provided important questions form that topics. Mention the effects of this incident. Or Answer: Liberals. What was the secret police in Russia called? In the context of Russia, which group was the supporter of women’s Suffragette Movements? Answer: Question 11. Socialist wanted this change and campaigned for it. They wanted to work for Revolution. What did frustrated workers do on 23 February 1917? Socialists were against private property. Question 6. Question 12. In Such a society workers were exploited. Collectivisation was a policy of forced consolidation of individual peasant, households into collective farms called ‘Kolkhozes’. Answer: But in each country the ideas of socialism were rethought in a number of ways. On 25 February, the government suspended the Duma. Collectivisation would mean that the peasant strip farms would be amalgamated and this would enable the sharing of resources such as machinery between the collective farms instead of the small peasant holdings. He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. (iii) Some received education in the USSR’s Communist University of the Workers of the East. Download NCERT Books 2020-2021 for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. Mention one difference between liberals and radicals. Were the people in the eighteenth century—Europe in favour of a complete transformation of society? Mention the positive and negative aspects of the Bolshevik government on Soviet Union and its people. Others had settled in cities permanently. (i) Russia’s own industries were few in number and the country was cut off from other suppliers of industrial goods by German control of the Baltic Sea. Enlist the factors that led to the 1905 Revolution in Russia. Who were radicals? (i) The impact of the Russian revolution was felt globally. Main events and effects of the February Revolution: Or Question 10. The secret police was called the Chelca first, and later OGPU and NKVD. Answer: Question 21. Or They resisted the authorities and destroyed their livestock. This party struggled for peasant’s rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. From 1929, the Stalin forced all peasants to cultivate farms (kolkhoz). French Revolution,Socialism in Europe,Nazism and the rise of Hitler,Forest Society,Pastoralists in the modern world are the important topics in the Note. Question 1. Here you can read Chapter 2 of Class 9 Social Science (History) NCERT Book. He deputed officials to assess how the economy could work and set targets for a five-year period. Who ruled Russia and its empire in 1914? Explain the main features of the Mauryan administration. So, when he came to power, he declared that the war be brought to a close. Question 16. They saw it as the root of all social ills of the time. As they retreated, the Russian army destroyed crops and buildings to prevent the enemy from being able to live off the land. What was suffragette movement? He wanted the war to be brought to a close, land to be transferred to the peasants, and banks to be nationalized. What was the Duma? Social democrats disagreed with socialist revolutionaries about peasants. (Delhi 2016) Answer: Stalin’s collectivisation policy angered the peasants. (iii) Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. Who was Karl Marx? Name the two European alliances between which occurred the First World War. Stalin introduced this system to overcome the food crisis which was rampant in the country at that time and to increase peasant labour productivity. The Menshevik group thought that the party should be open to all. After September 1914 the front remained relatively unchanged until the end of the war in 1918. They believed in Universal Adult Franchise and supported this idea. (All India 2017) or Explain any four sources to reconstruct the history of Mauryas, Examine the system of Mauryan administration. Answer: Why did socialists believe that private property was the root of all social ills of the time? (ii) When four members of the Assembly of Russian workers, which had been formed in 1904, were dismissed at the Putilov Iron works, there was a call for industrial action. It also develops skills for miscellaneous questions which are generally neglected by students. The NCERT History Books are based on the latest exam pattern and CBSE syllabus. Answer: Marx argued that industrial society was capitalist. Answer: (ii) The Bolshevik encouraged colonial peoples to follow their experiment. Radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. On 2nd March, the Tsar abdicated and Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a provisional government to run the country. Rasputin was a wondering peasant who eventually exerted a powerful influence over Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra, the last Tsar and Tsarina of Imperial Russia. Answer: In the empire, cultivators produced for the market as well as for their own needs and Russia was a major exporter of grain. NCERT has a good image when it comes to publishing the … Suddenly, after the revolution, it seemed possible to change this. Karnataka SSLC Class 10 Social Science History Important Questions Chapter 2 The Extension of … The condition of workers in Russia was deplorable. These peasants were severely punished. Class 9 Social Science Chapter - Wise Marks Weightage. Positive aspects: Question 6. Or Answer: 1.1 CBSE Class 12 History- Ancient India; 1.2 CBSE Class 12 History- An Imperial capital Vijayanagar; 1.3 CBSE Class 12 History- Bakthi Sufi traditions changes religious beliefs; 1.4 CBSE Class 12 History- Bricks breads and bones of Harrappan civilisation; 1.5 CBSE Class 12 History- Colonial cities urbanisation planning and architecture All these topics are included in CBSE chapter wise important questions of class 11 History . Answer: As a result, many industries and banks were nationalised. By night, the city was under the committee’s control and the ministers had surrendered. All these forces were worried at the growth of socialism in Russia. By the winter of 1916, riots at bread shops began to occur frequently. What was the majority religion of Russia at that time? Answer: Very Short Answer Type Questions. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body called the Second International. However the government suppressed their agitation by imposing curfew. The Bolsheviks kept industries and banks nationalised during the civil … In March 1918, despite opposition by their political allies, the Bolsheviks made peace with Germany at Brest Litovsk. They were forced to work long hours at poor wages. Socialists had different visions of the future: All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. Who condemned the Bolshevik uprising in 1918? Answer: Radicals. How were the Bolsheviks different from the Mensheviks? The Russian peasants formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900, This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. Question 3. Strikes took place all over the country. Since land was declared social property, So peasants began to seize the land of the nobility. Question 10. Contents. Answer: Who was Lenin? Question 1. myCBSEguide has just released Chapter Wise Question Answers for class 8 Social Science. What conditions led to the civil war in Russia in 1918-1920? Anger and agitation could be seen everywhere among the soldiers as well as the common men. Answer: Some believed in the idea of cooperatives, others felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale only through individual initiative. As a result, trenches proved less effective. However, because of government policy, it had to operate as an illegal organisation. Answer: In the later years the Bolshevik party was known as the Russian Communist Party. (i) Tsar’s Autocratic rule was not tolerable now. Answer: As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essentials were shut down. A. They went on a strike to fulfil their demands. It was an elected Consultative Parliament of Russia. How were Russian industries badly affected by the First World War? Earlier, in the eighteenth century, conservatives had been generally opposed to the idea of change. Answer: (v) There occur a civil war between these troops and the Bolsheviks as a result of which looting, banditry and famine became common. MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. His poor advices made the autocracy highly unpopular. The party was divided over the strategy of organisation. Industrialisation changed the lives of people in Europe in the following ways: Question 20. The situation discredited the government and the Tsar, soldiers felt so demoralised that they wanted to keep themselves away from such a war. NCERT Class 9 History Books: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes history textbooks for Class 9.The NCERT Class 9th History textbooks are well known for it’s updated and thoroughly revised syllabus. The Central powers For examples, Germany, Austria and Turkey and. What was the Petrograd Soviet? They did not believe in Universal Adult Franchise, They felt men of property mainly should have the voting right. Here you can get Revision Notes for Class 9 Social Science. Answer: In cities, Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements. Together with the social Democrats and Socialist Revolutionaries, they worked with peasants and workers to demand a constitution. Peasants worked on the land, and the kolkhoz profit was shared. They felt that men of property mainly should have the right to vote. CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 2 Important Questions. The regiments supported the workers. The Military Revolutionary Committee acted swiftly. Why were socialists active in the countryside in Russia through the late nineteenth century? He was an Italian nationalist who worked for the unification of Italy and led the Italian revolutionary movement. Robert Owen, a leading English manufacturer and Louis Blanc in France were in favour of these ideas. What was Stalin’s collectivisation programme? Radicals opposed the privileges of great landowners and wealthy factory owners. Question 18. Question 25. Answer: The Bolshevik government came in power in 1917 under the leadership of Lenin. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 with Answers from here. Thus, Lenin played an important role in the Russian Revolution. This Note contains important dates and events of all chapters of class 9 history for exam point of view. About 85% of the Russian population earned their living from agriculture. Answer: What were the ideas that liberals cherished? Lenin felt that peasants were not one united group. Answer: In the countryside, socialists formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900. Several among them were talented professionals. The radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. They demanded that governments encourage cooperatives. Why did the Kerenskii Government in Russia fall? Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 with Answers from here. The eastern front was mainly Russia and it was colder. Question 1. Or Question 22. It ordered its supporters to seize the government offices and arrest ministers. Women were discriminated against. Question 29. Give a brief description of the Russian empire that existed in 1914. Answer: Question 1. According to some Russian socialists, the Russian peasants were natural socialist because they divided their land periodically. But their condition remained the same. We have focused on preparing you for the Class 9 exam based on CBSE syllabus. There chapter wise Practice Questions with complete solutions are available for download in myCBSEguide website and mobile app. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. (ii) They ordered land redistribution. Question 1. Labour was made compulsory for all. Answer: Question 15. Question 17. Answer: (i) In the west, armies fought from trenches stretched along eastern France. The bulk of land and implements were transferred to the ownership of collective farms. They formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900. In this page, you can find CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download, NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science will make your practice complete. Severe restrictions were placed on political activity. Important Questions for CBSE Class 9 Social Science Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 Important Questions Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism Class 9 Important Questions Chapter Question 2. Important questions, guess papers, most expected questions and best questions from 11th History have CBSE chapter wise important questions with solution for free download in PDF format. What was the Second International? He declared that the war be brought to a close, land be transferred to the peasants, and banks be nationalised. ways: To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body which came to be known as the Second International. Question 3. What were its consequences? Answer: Politicians spoke out against the measure.Demonstrators returned in force to the streets of the left bank on the 26th. The uprising began on 24 October. They disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. By the time of the outbreak of the Second World War, the USSR had given socialism a global face and world stature. They supported women’s suffragette movement. (iii) Rapid construction of factory sites began. Describe the economic condition of Russia before 1905. They were not against the existence of private property, but dislike concentration of property in the hands of a few. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions. What kind of nation did the radicals want? Between 1929 and 1931, the number of cattle fell by one-third. Answer: It angered the whole Russia. Question 7. They favoured a disciplined party, to control the members and quality of its members. The government fixed all prices to promote industrial growth during the first two ‘Plans’. Question 2. Question 13. Stalin believed that he would increase the efficiency of farming by developing modern farms. Many factories were set up in the 1890s, when Russia’s railway network was extended, and foreign investment in industry increased. They saw private property as the root of all social evils of the time. Answer: He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. 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