The explanation that the application of heat relieves back pain may indicate that the patient is from a Hispanic background. Therefore, the nurse should ask about the use of traditional methods to treat pain. These drugs do not affect gastrointestinal function. The effect that a drug has on a person is determined by many factors. The nurse administers an adult dose of a highly water-soluble drug to an older adult. The patient wants to know the reason for the prescription of two drugs. Which factor puts the neonatal patient at risk with regard to drug therapy? Nonmaleficence is the ethical principle according to which nurses should take adequate measures to do no harm to patients. The nurse is preparing healthy research subjects for the first phase of a new drug trial. Which route of administration is most likely to be used in this case? An older adult is experiencing constipation. Psychologists and critical care nurses are not legally allowed to prescribe medications. has to go through the liver before entering the bloodstream, tablets, capsules, pills, syrups, rectal suppositories, sublingual and buccal tablets. Diuretics such as furosemide may cause loss of potassium, which may lead to adverse effects such as hypokalemia. The patient's age, sex, and occupation are not assessed during the evaluation of a medication order. This means that the drug is metabolized at a slower rate in their bodies. Suppression of growth is caused by systemic administration of steroids. Leading zeros, or zeros placed before a decimal point, are allowed, but trailing zeros, or zeros following the decimal point, are to be avoided. The patient verbalizes, "I will take this medication every morning." The pediatric doses of any drug should be calculated carefully because even a little variation may lead to overdose. Digoxin often presents with gastrointestinal side effects and cardiac rhythm disturbance. Telling the patient that researchers are performing a trial to understand its effects would indicate that the nurse wants the patient to have a realistic understanding of the effects of the new drug. Native Americans may refer to their traditional healer to treat illnesses. The patient is at risk of complications of anticholinergic drugs. For drugs in category C, adverse effects have been reported in animal fetuses, but studies on human fetuses are not available. The nurse is developing a care plan for a patient related to medication therapy. Many Africans consider maintaining direct eye contact to be rude. Sedatives are highly lipid-soluble drugs and primarily get distributed into adipose tissues. This law was prompted by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Diarrhea and bronchospasm are not complications of anticholinergic drugs. When the body's immune system recognizes a drug molecule or metabolite as a foreign substance, it initiates a mechanism to neutralize it. As a result, a smaller amount of active metabolites will be released into the blood. What is the nurse's best action? The nurse should assess for which adverse effect of this medication? What is the chief purpose of the MedWatch program, which is an initiative of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)? It will further reduce the bioavailability of the drug. Capsules with granules inside them are meant for extended release of the active drug, in this case, an antibiotic. It is preferred over oral, buccal, and intravenous routes. The nurse instructs the parents about the drug regimen. The nurse explains to the patient that this is caused by an allergic reaction to the drug. How will the nurse assess liver function to administer the drug safely to the patient? Milk is a good source of calcium and does not interact with MAOIs. The experimental group receives a specific dose of the new drug. Which elements of the medication prescription will the nurse specifically check? What body system triggers an allergic reaction? Rash, urticaria, and anaphylactic shock are allergic manifestations of a drug. An older adult reports to a nurse about disturbed sleep. Beta-blockers and ACE inhibitors are less effective for treating hypertension in African-American patients. What instruction(s) should the nurse provide to the patient regarding administration of the drug? The nurse cannot ask the patient to sign the consent unless the patient agrees to opt for the surgery. The nurse manager is providing an in-service about incorporating ethics into nursing practice to a group of nurses at a health care facility. It is a genetically determined reaction and occurs when a patient has a deficiency or excess of drug-metabolizing enzymes. The nurse working in a prenatal clinic recognizes that the safety or potential harm of drug therapy during pregnancy relates to which factor? This can cause toxic levels of a drug in the bloodstream. Grapefruit juice reduces the metabolism of certain drugs, including amiodarone, thus enhancing the effects of other drugs administered concomitantly. The nurse's primary goal in developing a care plan for a patient's drug therapy is the safe and effective administration of the drugs. Monitoring vital signs is appropriate but not the best action to perform. Which type of therapy has been prescribed for this patient? What measures should be taken to reverse the toxic effects of the drug? The patient stating he has abdominal pain constitutes subjective data. Incompatibility occurs when two parenteral drugs mixed together result in the chemical deterioration of one or both of the drugs or formation of a precipitate. These drugs may affect the neurotransmitters and cause worsening of Parkinson disease. The researchers feel that there is a subject bias. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The nurse will administer a drug to an adolescent. The nurse is administering medication to a patient. The nurse teaches that completion of which "right" is essential as proof of completion of all other rights? What is the impact of such administration on this patient? The medical record indicates that the patient is allergic to penicillin. Fetal abnormalities are reported and positive evidence of fetal risk in humans is available from animal or human studies is what pregnancy drug category? This means that their bodies attach acetyl groups to the drug molecules at a slower rate. The nervous system, circulatory system, and dermatologic system do not initiate an allergic reaction. Metabolism is modified by environmental influences including previous food and drug experience, and various factors such as age, sex, and disease. A patient will receive a drug that requires slow absorption in the body in a high (basic) pH environment. An immunologic hypersensitivity reaction from and unusual sensitivity and can be considered a type of adverse drug effect is called ____? The emergency department nurse is documenting the history of a patient. The bioavailability of drugs that have a high first-pass effect will be less than 100% if they are administered via an oral route. What kind of oral preparation should be administered to ensure fast absorption of the drug for prompt symptomatic relief? Prolonged use of antidiabetic medication results in decreased effectiveness of the drug. The nurse is caring for two patients in the hospital. The information can be shared with the primary health care provider if it affects treatment. The nurse is assessing a patient with a chronic disease who has been admitted. The Kefauver-Harris Amendments were prompted by the thalidomide tragedy in the United Kingdom. A patient diagnosed with thyroid cancer undergoes a thyroidectomy and is prescribed 75 mcg levothyroxine sodium. A group of researchers plans to conduct a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Which drugs require caution when administered to this patient? An elderly patient has refused to take his prescribed antihypertensive tablet and is adamant that the tablet is worsening his condition. ... Quizlet Live. Insulin is a peptide hormone that regulates the blood glucose level. The nurse should always guide the patient to making the right decision related to health care services. People of Japanese descent are known to be rapid acetylators, which means that their bodies attach acetyl groups to the drug molecules at a faster rate compared to other races. The purpose of a double-blind, placebo-controlled study is to prevent subject and investigator bias. Time required for half the dose to be eliminated from the body or time it takes for the blood level of a drug to be reduced by 50% is called ? Before administering a drug to a pediatric patient, the nurse verifies the name, dose, route, and frequency of the drug; the name of the patient; and the prescriber's signature on the prescription. Documentation of a medication error should include the facts of the situation and action taken in positive language. So, in 6 hours, the concentration of the drug would be 100 mg/L (half of 200), and after 12 hours it would be 50 mg/L (half of 100). New drugs must go through extensive research and testing before approval for use in humans. The nurse will ask the patient if she takes any herbs or other nonprescription medications. The nurse learns that the postmarketing studies of an investigational drug have found that the drug is unsafe to use and may cause serious health effects. Diclofenac tablets are taken orally, as specified. Anxiolytics also need dose adjustment when administered to older adults, as the integrity of the blood-brain barrier is reduced in these patients. G6PD deficiency does not increase the risk of hemolysis of platelets or white blood cells. What will the nurse do? The purpose of phase IV drug study is to find the efficacy of the drug with respect to other drugs in the market belonging to the same therapeutic category. What is the nurse's best response? Instead, the nurse checks the availability of the drugs and orders new ones if required. Record your answer using a whole number. The Orphan Drug Act was prompted because of limited knowledge of and research on the treatment of rare illnesses. (1) The existence together of many forms of DNA sequences at a locus within the population. 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