Syst. Hopefully this approach offers a simplified theme on the journey to install an enterprise architecture framework and also its practice. University of Washington (2005), Vitari, C.: Sources of IT dynamic capability in the context of data genesis capability, Italy (2009), Barreto, I.: Dynamic Capabilities: A Review of Past Research and an Agenda for the Future. Enterprise architecture (EA) is the practice of conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation using a holistic approach for the successful development and execution of strategy. (2009). In particular, enterprise architecture increasingly represents the core intellectual property of the enterprise. The book is a comprehensive guide to archi-tecting a Master Data Management Solution that includes a reference architecture, solution : How Information Technology Capabilities Influence Organizational Innovation: Exploratory Findings from Two Case Studies. An aim is to improve data quality, access to data, adaptability to changing requirements, data interoperability and sharing, and cost containment. Enterprise Architecture In The Strategic Planning Lifecycle. enterprise is required. PoEM 2012. These include (but are not necessarily limited to) the abilities to: Create and maintain business architecture. Not all frameworks allow for segments or integration of strategy, business, technology, but EA3 does. The layered approach is one of the widely used approaches in developing enterprise applications. core elements. Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM) is expected to contribute to strategic planning and systematic development of enterprises by capturing the essential structures and processes of an enterprise on different architectural levels (e.g. Enterprise architecture will help multiple departments in a business understand the broader business model and articulate challenges and business risks. Rostock University (2013). : The dynamic resource‐based view: capability lifecycles. This core is defined by the Architecture Development Method (ADM). The third basic element is “Methodology” which are specific steps to establish and maintain an EA program, via the selected approach. Enterprise architects provide facilitation and integration to enable this collaborative planning discipline, and work with specialists and subject matter experts from these planning groups in order to formulate a plan of action that not only meets needs but is also implementable within financial, political, and organizational constraints. EA Core Element #6: Associated Best Practices. EA Core Element #5: Architecture Repository. Next Steps Transforming an organization’s core systems is not an easy undertaking, yet a considered, thoughtful approach can mitigate the risks and help an organization take a significant step toward achieving its long term vision. Eng. Developing and implementing an EEA blueprint—to integrate where It provides various perspectives from a technology and business standpoint, allowing organizations to take a disciplined approach for managing those systems. University College Cork, Ireland (2005), Sun, C.M., Chen, R.S. The Core Diagram enhances strategic thinking for … But, in the context of this new, integrated approach to strategic planning, the EA function becomes more integrated within the organization and more focused on clearly defined objectives. University of Twente, Bizzdesign, Netherland (2012). Not logged in Architectural elements In this section, we will review some of the architectural concepts and elements which are related and often utilized when implementing microservices-based architecture. Examples of core competences can include production, design or any other firm capability. Strateg. Capabilities in EAM are among the subjects in research which have received substantial attention during the last years, but still are not thoroughly defined regarding their characteristics, elements and lifecycle processes. They send an important message to your stakeholders — that EA recommendations are not arbitrary. A “complete” EA approach must include six core elements, which must be designed to work together. For an EA approach to be considered to be complete, the six core elements shown in Figure 1-4 must be present and work synergistically together. EAM translates the enterprise vision into venture and takes the enterprise through the journey from its current state to the target state. Digital Enterprise Architecture: Four Elements Critical to Solution Envisioning Today’s digital organization demands an enterprise architecture that is guided by its intended business outcome and which can inform strategy embracing a multidimensional approach covering digitization, data management, analytics, AI and automation. elements of the enterprise architecture. 1. From enterprise architecture to IT governance: elements of effective IT management. A “complete” EA approach must include six core elements, which must be designed to work together. Springer, Heidelberg (2012). 3. We follow Janssen and Verbraeck (2005) and define enterprise architecture as the coordination of subsystems at various levels of abstractions for the purpose of developing the NGI. EA Core Element #4: Documentation Artifacts. Enterprise Architecture is both a management program and a documentation method. The EA3 Cube approach is an example of a complete approach to EA. The Enterprise Architecture approach will if applied to enterprise assist the decision makers with creating and enforcing policies. University College Cork, Ireland (2013), Butler, T., Murphy, C.: Integrating Dynamic Capability and Commitment Theory for Research on IT Capabilities and Resources. For microservices, and in general, these are useful concepts and enterprise patterns which can be applied when designing and implementing any kind of software product or service. The fifth basic element is “Repository” which includes the EA website, documentation database, and the software applications (tools) that are used for modeling, analysis, and reporting. Enterprise architecture (EA) is "a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. Enterprise business capabilities are a foundational construct in business architecture and are a decomposition of what a company does and can do. : A study on the strategic alignment process with information technology for new ventures from a dynamic capability perspective. SKF IT uses Business and Enterprise Architecture to gain business insight and increase the relevance of IT. The common element is that enterprise architecture refers to a set of interdependent elements described at a certain level of abstraction and the blueprint describes the relationships among the elements. LNBIP, vol. J. Duhan, S., Levy, M., Powell, P.: IS Strategy in SMEs Using Organizational Capabilities: the CPX Framework. EA is an improved approach that looks at systems holistically as well as provides a strategy and business context. Enterprise Architecture Approach -TOGAF 9- Prashant Patade (Enterprise Architect)Strategic Projects and Core Technology Group - IT Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. We will list several of them. Core Competencies for Enterprise Analysis. LNBIP, vol. In this chapter, we will study some of the core concepts of layered architecture and also develop an architecture using .NET Core to discuss this topic. This presentation provides companies a good understanding of Enterprise Architecture (EA), its core components and elements to maturity. The core diagram facilitates the envisioning process for how the new venture will be able to exploit the enterprise architecture to deliver on the business model innovation. Studies have demonstrated a correlation between increased shareholder value and well-governed enterprises. Take existing architectures and pull common elements into a repository. Historically, architecture at SKF has been viewed – not unlike most IT organizations – as being technical and mostly associated with application and infrastructure-related orders and management. Enterprise business capabilities are a foundational construct in business architecture and are a decomposition of what a company does and can do. EA encompasses IT services, processes, and infrastructure even considering multiple systems and multiple functional groups. Governance. It provides various perspectives from a technology and business standpoint, allowing organizations to take a disciplined approach for managing those systems. Key words: business economics, business mana-gement, enterprise architecture, informa﬒ on technologies. Inf. Enterprise Architecture (EA) has been instrumental in that journey, and in this article, we provide some valuable lessons that we have learned on our journey to build an Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM) function to support our digital transformation, and how we used EAM to become and remain relevant during digital disruption. This is a preview of subscription content, Gunasekaran, A.: Agile Manufacturing: The 21st Century Competitive Strategy: The 21st Century Competitive Strategy. Enterprise Architect, Intel IT Sudip Chahal Principal Engineer, Intel IT Executive Overview As part of our cloud computing strategy, Intel IT has been opportunistically taking advantage of external offerings of software as a service (SaaS) applications. The first basic element is “Governance” which identifies the planning, decision-making, and oversight processes and groups that will determine how the enterprise architecture is developed and maintained – as part of an enterprise’s overall governance. Enterprise Architecture = Strategy + Business + Technology EA is both a noun and a verb. A Complete Approach to Enterprise Architecture. 134, pp. Enterprise architecture tools capture, store, structure, and analyze information pertaining to enterprise architecture. Governance. A work package realizes requirements indirectly through the realization of core elements (e.g., an application component, business process, or service). Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. A gap may be associated with any number of core elements. Kitchenham, B.A. 117–131. Helflat, C.E., Peteraf, M.A. Enterprise Architecture Planning is a data-centric approach to architecture planning. Take existing architectures and pull common elements into a repository. The second basic element is “Framework” which identifies the scope of the overall architecture and the type and relationship of the various sub-architecture levels, threads and other viewpoints. At its core is the Consolidated Reference Model (CRM) , which equips OMB and Federal agencies with a common language and framework to describe and analyze investments. Organizational Design Hopefully this approach offers a simplified theme on the journey to install an enterprise architecture framework and also its practice. Introduction to enterprise architecture. Typically, architecture governance must be conformant with both the overall corporate governance and the established IT governance mechanisms and structures. List and describe the core elements of an Enterprise Architecture approach from IST 301 at Pennsylvania State University Enterprise architecture (EA) governance is a practice encompassing the fundamental aspects of managing a business. EA Core Element #2: Architecture Framework. This can be accomplished through the establishment of an on-line EA repository to archive the documentation of EA components in the various areas of the EA framework. A core competence is a key skill that gives a firm a competitive advantage. 1. A relational repository is needed for all enterprise architecture artifacts as well as for documenting and managing requirements and tracing them to business goals. Enterprise architecture is the process by which organizations standardize and organize IT infrastructure to aligns with business goals. 213.32.100.69. Bus. Deciding what core competences a company needs to focus on is something that happens at the enterprise level of strategy. National Chiao Tung University, National Yulin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan (2006). We follow Janssen and Verbraeck (2005) and define enterprise architecture as the coordination of subsystems at various levels of abstractions for the purpose of developing the NGI. TOGAF® Version 9.1 (2014). EA was described as being as both a management process and a documentation method that helps enterprises with business and technology planning, resource management, and decision-making. Enterprise Business Architecture (EBA) is an approach for modeling, structuring and understanding business knowledge that assists business managers in making adroit decisions. Leap: a precise lightweight framework for enterprise architecture. International Enterprise Architecture Institute. Education enterprise architecture, or EEA, is a strategic framework that can provide the structure, plan and processes to achieve an education agency’s vision and goals by aligning its business and program side with information technology (IT). In this chapter, we will focus on the following topics: The first core element is “Governance” which identifies the planning, decision-making, and oversight processes and groups that will determine how the EA is developed and maintained, accomplished as part of an organization’s overall governance. In terms of defining a common language, two elements of TOGAF are important. Teece, D.J., Pisano, G., Shuen, A.: Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. The common element is that enterprise architecture refers to a set of interdependent elements described at a certain level of abstraction and the blueprint describes the relationships among the elements. Not affiliated Some of the frameworks have a very specific scope and therefore are applicable to those applications. EA Core Element #3: Implementation Methodology. EAP has its roots in IBM's • A conceptual architecture that provides a long-term view of all the components required in a complete SaaS implementation. The enterprise business capabilities are an abstraction of the underlying process, function, information, and system, but the capabilities themselves are distinct and different than the underlying elements. pp 82-96 | Cite as. There are 4 key elements that companies must fully understand to master EA maturity. ISBN: 978-951-39-3108-7, Wißotzki, M., Sonnenberger, A.: Adoption of EAM in small and medium enterprises. EBSE Technical report, University of Durham (2007). Technische Universität München, München (2011), Tarafdar, M., Gordon, S.R. In Enterprise Architecture at Work, The Enterprise Engineering Series. EA Core Element #1: Architecture Governance. FEA Framework v2 The Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework v2 describes a suite of tools to help government planners implement the Common Approach. A core competence is a key skill that gives a firm a competitive advantage. The enterprise business capabilities are an abstraction of the underlying process, function, information, and system, but the capabilities themselves are distinct and different than the underlying elements. Strategic Alignment 2. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2001), Niemi, E.: Enterprise architecture benefits: perceptions from literature and practice. Performance Management 4. The Enterprise Architecture Approach For an EA approach to be considered to be complete, the six core elements shown in Figure 1-4 must be present and work synergistically together. 112–126. : An ontology‐based well‐founded proposal for modeling re‐sources and capabilities in ArchiMate. business, data, application, technology) and showing inter-dependencies. The Enterprise Architecture Approach. : Guidelines for performing systematic literature reviews in software engineering. Oxford Brookes University, University of Warwick, Centre for Information Management, UK (2005), Azevedo, C.L.B., et al. Organizational Design Enterprise Information Management Is a Core Element of Your IT Architecture Published: 17 January 2005 ID: G00124681 Analyst(s): Jeff Comport, Frank W. Schlier, Andrew White. At the core of this transformation is the VA Enterprise Architecture (EA). Figure 1-3. University of Toledo, Babson Park (2005), Basaglia, S., Caporarello, L., Magni, M.: The mediating role of IT knowledge integration capability in the relationship between team performance and team climate, Italy (2009), Iacob, M.E., Meertens, L.O., Jonkers, H., Quartel, D.A.C., Nieuwenhuis, L.J.M., van Sinderen, M.J.: From enterprise architecture to business models and back. Scott, J., Cullen, A., An, M.: Business capabilities provide the rosetta stone for business-IT alignment: capability maps are a foundation for BA (2009). Manag. The VA EA is the strategic planning and management tool that supports operations, execution, and management accountability, and equips leadership to execute change across the Department. Chapter 12 provides additional details on the design and function of an EA repository. The Open Group. Digital Enterprise Architecture: Four Elements Critical to Solution Envisioning Today’s digital organization demands an enterprise architecture that is guided by its intended business outcome and which can inform strategy embracing a multidimensional approach covering digitization, data management, analytics, AI and automation. University of Jyväskylä, IT Research Institute (2008). In: Innovating Perspectives 16, Nr. There are 4 key elements that companies must fully understand to master EA maturity. To be complete, an EA approach must have six core elements that work together: Governance, methodology, framework, artifacts, standards, best practices For microservices, and in general, these are useful concepts and enterprise patterns which can be applied when designing and implementing any kind of software product or service. (1999). Examples of core competences can include production, design or any other firm capability. BIR 2013. EA Governance aims at supporting integrated governance, an integrated group of management policies and processes that form an overall governance structure as is shown in the figure above. (eds.) Enterprise architecture is a description of an enterprise from an integrated business and IT perspective intended to bridge the communication gap between business and … Develop an EIM strategy and use it for your application and integration programs. 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